Parkland Shooting Survivors Called ‘Crisis Actors’

What the hell is wrong with people today? Are Americans really this crazy? Do they not care that the rest of the world’s inhabitants look at the nutty behavior of the people of America and shake their heads?

Exactly! I can’t understand what goes on in the minds – if one can call them that – of such beings. Now here’s what a Republican North Carolina State House member had to say about the shooting:

“So many of these shooters turn out to be communist Democrats, that I suspect they are doing these things to push for gun control so they can more easily take over the country,” Pittman wrote. The post was later deleted and he apologized. Rep. Larry Pittman, a Republican state House member from Cabarrus County, near Charlotte, was reacting to a photo on Facebook that purported to show the Parkland shooter wearing a pro-Communism shirt. (It was not the Parkland shooter.) – Politifact
The Far Righters have always been slightly batty, same as the ultra Liberals, but this calling out of mass shooting survivors as ‘actors’ is going too far. I never knew that there are people who honestly believe the Sandy Hook massacre was a hoax. Can you believe it? The murders of dozens of little children and a couple of adults is a hoax? Come on, now! What the fudge is wrong with my fellow Americans? I don’t ever recall such across the nation insanity back in the 70s, 80s, 90s, or even the early millennium, as the batshit craziness of these past few years.


On Wednesday, one week after the school shooting in Parkland, Fla., Facebook and YouTube vowed to crack down on the trolls.

 


Thousands of posts and videos had popped up on the sites, falsely claiming that survivors of the shooting were paid actors or part of various conspiracy theories. Facebook called the posts “abhorrent.” YouTube, which is owned by Google, said it needed to do better. Both promised to remove the content. The companies have since aggressively pulled down many posts and videos and reduced the visibility of others. Yet on Friday, spot searches of the sites revealed that the noxious content was far from eradicated.

On Facebook and Instagram, which is owned by Facebook, searches for the hashtag #crisisactor, which accused the Parkland survivors of being actors, turned up hundreds of posts perpetuating the falsehood (though some also criticized the conspiracy theory). Many of the posts had been tweaked ever so slightly — for example, videos had been renamed #propaganda rather than #hoax — to evade automated detection. And on YouTube, while many of the conspiracy videos claiming that the students were actors had been taken down, other videos that claimed the shooting had been a hoax remained rife. – NY Times


Reddit – of course – is also guilty of allowing posts & comments that claim this latest mass shooting to be a hoax, and the survivors who are calling for stricter gun control crisis actors who are flown from one mass murder site to the next, part of the Far Left’s agenda against the NRA and the 2nd Amendment Rights of every American. Laughable. What in the name of the Goddess is going on within the brains of these creatures? People are just damned foolish nowadays. Can individuals not think for themselves anymore? The fact that cyber bullying & hoaxing has become more of a shitfest since Donald Trump became president speaks for itself.
Bravo to this Reddit user:

As I said, there are literally hundreds of propaganda pieces and attacks on a kid that lived through a fucking school shooting a few days ago. I hate this fucking website. I hate that these gutless cowards are given free reign to destroy this country and divide it’s people because they are so empty and worthless that they have to create an enemy to validate their useless existence. I hate that I fought for this country against enemies that had more 

honor, character and integrity than any of these unethical fucking human shit stains. I hate. A lot. And I used to not hate, I used to find it all amusing. I just find it disgusting now. Do a reddit search using “Hogg”and any combo you want and see how fucking disgusting reddit.com has become. Just kidding, like it was ever not disgusting. It used to be funny until I realized that anyone could be next. If they want to target you they will. Your right to privacy, free speech and everything else is out the window. You have to prove you aren’t what they accuse you of and there is nothing more un-American than that. Ketchup on a hot dog, maybe.

The death threats have now started and an innocent kid whose only crime is being interviewed on the news before this tragedy ever happened is now some deep state plant whose father works for Trump’s nemesis, the FBI and his mother worked for Trump’s other enemy, CNN and Podesta is involved somehow and somehow this word salad makes sense to these emotionally stunted, mentally unstable, self absorbed piss flaps. Children are dead and they use it to play politics on the internet.
I could not have written it better myself.
 

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The Truth About Black on Black Crime

Yes, Black people commit crime. Yes, Black people commit crimes against other Blacks. Yes, Black people commit crimes against other races/ethnic groups. But this is also true of others: White people commit most of the crimes against their own race, same as Hispanics committing most of the crimes against their ethnic group. Probably the same is true of Asians, Muslims, and Native Americans.

Certainly, intraracial crime is a problem just as interracial crime is. Most serial killers murder within their own race/ethnicity – John Wayne Gacy, Aileen Wuornos, Ted Bundy, Anthony Sowell, David Berkowitz, and Lonnie Franklin, Jr, all killed within their own racial groups. Jeffrey Dahmer, Charles Ng, Coral Eugene Watts, Gary Ridgway, and Richard Ramirez murdered outside their racial groups, for the most part.

According to the FBI’s uniform crime-reporting data for 2016, 90.1 percent of black victims of homicide were killed by other blacks, while 83.5 percent of whites were killed by other whites. While no life is inconsequential, the statistical evidence shows that—just as for blacks when it comes to black-on-black crime—whites are mostly victimized by other whites, with the vast majority of white murders committed by whites. This is because most victims of crime personally know their assailants. And while this is a truth across racial boundaries, no one ever talks about “white-on-white crime.”

But distracted driving kills more Americans each year than terrorism (and black-on-black crime), according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, so, according to the advocates of conversations about black-on-black crime, we should be discussing this first.

 
Both sociologists and criminologists agree that violent crime is a complex socioeconomic phenomenon. Generally speaking, research shows that poor people commit the most crime: According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, during the period from 2008 through 2012, “persons in poor households at or below the federal poverty level (FPL) (39.8 per 1,000) had more than double the rate of violent victimization as persons in high-income households (16.9 per 1,000) … The overall pattern of poor persons having the highest rates of violent victimization was consistent for both whites and blacks.”
 


Knowing this, the small difference in crime rates can easily be explained by income disparity. Maybe the question should be why are such a large percentage of black people poor?
 – Michael Harriot

White people like to point out the high rates of Black on Black, Black on White, and Black on Every Other Race ‘statistics’ as proof that Blacks are the biggest perpetrators of crime in the United States, followed by Hispanics (even though most local & state police agencies classify Hispanics as ‘White’ as far as crime goes, not to mention that the term Hispanic is not a race, but an ethnicity). Whites have been citing these false figures for decades now, which means that they actually come to believe these statistics are true, even when they come from unreliable sources such as Al Right leaders or White Supremacy publications and organizations.

Most White Americans seem to think that there is no such phenomena as White on White crimes, particularly of the violent sort. Where the hell have these people been living the past couple of years? Do they truly not see what is right before them, or are they so blinded by White superiority that they cannot even begin to entertain the thought that their own kind can and do commit violent offenses? They are even blinded to the criminality of Asians!

White supremacists frequently like to manipulate crime statistics in order to claim that nonwhite minorities, particularly African-Americans, are far more crime-prone and the source of most violent crime against whites. Indeed, it is a core belief that this is the case, and many white nationalist ideologues — including politician and pundit Patrick Buchanan, Jared Taylor of American Renaissance, and the Council of Conservative Citizens — all have made considerable hay out of proffering “studies” laden with visibly bad statistics and other evidence to make their case.

The BJS study demonstrates plainly that this is simply not the case. Some 57 percent of crimes involving white victims were committed by white perpetrators, while only 15 percent were committed by blacks, and 11 percent by Hispanics. Black crime victims fell along similar racial lines, with 63 percent of the crimes committed by black perpetrators, while 11 percent were committed by whites, and 6.6 percent by Hispanics. Overall, the BJS reported, “the percentage of intraracial [that is, same-race] victimization was higher than the percentage of interracial victimization for all types of violent crime except robbery.”

 
Moreover, it explained, “the rate of white-on-white violent crime (12.0 per 1,000) was about four times higher than black-on-white violent crime (3.1 per 1,000). The rate of black-on-black crime (16.5 per 1,000) was more than five times higher than white-on-black violent crime (2.8 per 1,000). The rate of Hispanic-on-Hispanic crime (8.3 per 1,000) was about double the rate of white-on-Hispanic (4.1 per 1,000) and black-on-Hispanic (4.2 per 1,000) violent crime.”

This is consistent with previously collected data, including a National Crime Victim Survey in 2000 that showed that 73 percent of white violent crime victims were attacked by whites, and 80 percent of black victims were targeted by blacks. This pattern is even clearer in the category of murder. – SPL Center

The fact is, White on White crime is as big a problem as Black on Black & Hispanic on Hispanic crime. Open your eyes, sheeple. Wake up! Statistics don’t lie, especially those from reputable sources.

White Women Are Weak

There are some truths about White women in America that may surprise you. 53% of the voters who helped Trump to win the presidency were White women, and 63% of them voted for Roy Moore even though there was a ton of evidence proving that he had molested several teenage girls. 98% of Black women voted for Moore’s opponent, Doug Jones. Why the hell would White women vote against their own interests? Why, despite the fact that Trump is sexist as well as a braggart and anti abortion, would White women vote for him?

Feminists have generated many useful analyses – white women’s investment in patriarchy, the class structure, the racial status quo—underlining the material benefits conservative politics offer white women. There is a deeper, more structural reason why white women vote for misogynist, white supremacist candidates despite a century and a half of feminist organizing, however. Simply put: sex difference is itself a racial structure. – Duke Press

Most feminists tend to be White, so it’s fairly shocking to me that a lot of White women voted for the likes of Donald Trump and Roy Moore, especially the latter. White women can be strong in many ways, but in others they can be rather weak willed. I once worked for my local Board of Elections as the Democratic Chief Judge, and during the pre-elections a White woman was the Republican Chief Judge, even though she claimed to be a Democrat. However, she came across as Republican, and I wasn’t surprised to learn that her husband was. Obviously, his views had rubbed off on her.

 

To understand the “white woman story,” we must first acknowledge that white supremacy remains the prevailing force in electoral politics—that, as Melissa Harris-Perry noted, “there is a race [voting] gap of enormous proportions and a gender gap of very slim margins in this country…. gender politics is a secondary game, not the main show.” Data consistently support this statement; the race gap between black and white voters in modern elections runs 40–50+ points, whereas the gender gap runs about 10. That said, white women are not a monolithic voting bloc, and their voting behavior is highly related to the interplay of several factors: heterosexual marriage, education, and religion. There was a 20-point gap in support for Hillary Clinton between college-educated (56 percent) and non-college-educated (36 percent) white women in 2016. But there was also significant within-group variation, with support for Clinton 10+ points higher among unmarried women than married women and roughly 30 points higher among non-evangelicals than evangelical Christians across all educational levels. – The Nation

White women are weak. They are sexually promiscuous, easily led by their romantic partners, and prone to drug & alcohol abuse at alarmingly high rates. Throw in eating disorders and high rates of childhood sexual abuse, and you’ve got the average American White woman. The stereotype of the dumb blonde is really true – as is the no nothing Southern Belle who runs the household but allows the man, her master & the King of the Castle, to dominate everything else, including her own thoughts and opinions. Believe me, I have seen it in action. So long as she’s taken care of sexually, emotionally, and especially financially, Southern White women will let their men do whatever he wants. It’s the price they pay for not having to work outside the home.

 

The majority of white women have voted Republican for decades, and that pattern is rooted in systems of white supremacy and patriarchy: When white women marry white men (and around 90 percent do), their economic interests are yoked to those of their husbands. Most people writing and talking about Trump don’t put “white” and “women” together as a demographic category. Instead, the white women who voted for Trump are lumped together as “Republican” or “rural” or “white evangelicals,” but whiteness and the way it changes woman-ness slips away in these configurations.

It’s hard for us to grasp the idea that white women are culpable, because it doesn’t fit the widespread culture image of us as benevolent, peaceful and nurturing. These assumptions allow white women to behave in ways that materially harm non-white people, without being held accountable. Let me tell you a story about how this works.

A white woman I knew in graduate school ― I’ll call her “Jolene” ― had a job as a convenience store clerk. It was miserable, because she was often at work alone on the overnight shift. But Jolene kept at it, because when she reconciled the cash drawer each morning, she skimmed a little off the top for herself. Before electronic inventory tagging, computerized databases and surveillance cameras, she could simply pocket money from cash sales and discard the paper receipts without being detected. The additional income enabled her to pay for grad school and take an annual winter trip to the Bahamas. It was the vacations that prompted me to ask a mutual friend how a fellow broke graduate student could afford this lifestyle. My friend explained Jolene’s side hustle. How did she get away it? I asked. “She’s a white woman,” my friend replied. “It never occurred to her boss that she would ever do such a thing.” – Huffington Post

Death Videos (Warning: Extremely Graphic)

Death by truck

There are video sharing sites similar to YouTube but without all the censorship – Liveleak, Horrible Videos, GfyCat, Miscopy. Some of these cater to those who enjoy, for some reason or other, watching others get killed in a myriad of horrible ways: gored by bulls, beheaded by ISIS or drug cartels, burnt alive, beaten to death, hit by cars or trucks, and simply murdered by gunshot, stabbing, or strangling. You won’t believe the comments – then again, this is the Age of the Internet. You probably will believe it. I do. Anyway, I have collected several video links and videos that show you how some people die, or choose to die as there are a couple of suicides included.

Russian execution

Burnt to death for stealing food.

The death of Victor Morrow on the set of Twilight Zone: The Movie – Tragic Death

Gored by a bull.

Woman stabbed and beaten to Death: Footage of Chinese man stabbing and beating woman to death on street, caught on camera from an apartment. However he was forced to stop by crowd.

Resisting arrest and then stealing a cop’s gun. Gunshot

Murdered in a hospital.

Head pop.

Suicide in Brazil

Burnt alive for apparently being a child molester. Brazilian prison justice

Electrocuted

The death by cop of 64 year old Robert Claude Smith in November 2017.

Trapped between a rock and a hard place.

Biker crashes

Naked and hanging

When animals attack

Drug cartel execution

Two women who died as a result of a run-in with a truck while riding a scooter. Very Graphic

Head shot

This is either a case of female infanticide or simply callousness on the parents’ part: Truly Horrific

Reversing auto death

Video of Double Shooting in Bronx: A better quality and longer version of the CCTV video of the guy shooting two gang members in the Bronx, New York. One was just grazed, but played possum to save his life.

This crazy accident

Suicidal jump from a tower. Indian guy

Warfare

Worst President Ever

Donald Trump, the 45th president of the United States of America, is the worst one we’ve had. He is considered more of a failure than presidents I have never heard of or barely recall, such as Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, Chester Arthur, and Benjamin Harrison. He’s considered more of an ass than blatant racists like Andrew Jackson & Woodrow Wilson, and jerks like Richard Nixon and the unfortunately lauded Ronald Reagan.

Donald Trump is America’s worst president, says a New York Times opinion piece that’s based on a survey of 170 members of the American Political Science Association’s Presidents and Executive Politics section.

The survey was conducted by Brandon Rottinghaus, a professor of political science at the University of Houston, and Justin S. Vaughn, an associate professor of political science and director of the Center for Idaho History and Politics at Boise State University.

Their op-ed, was posted Monday in the Times, showed Barack Obama faring much better than Trump. Obama shot into the top 10, up from 18th when a previous survey was conducted in 2014. – USA Today

Former Presidents Barack Obama, George W. Bush and Ronald Reagan enjoyed upward bumps in their greatness rankings, while President Donald Trump was ranked historically low, according to a presidential “greatness” survey released Monday.


The 2018 Presidents and Executive Politics Presidential Greatness Survey, released Monday, was based on 170 usable responses from current and former members of the American Political Science Association’s presidents and executive politics section.

The survey asked the presidential experts to use a 0-100 scale “for overall greatness,” with zero being failure, 50 being average and 100 being great. Roughly 57% of the respondents were Democrats, 13% were Republicans and 27% were independents (3% selected “Other”).
Overall, Trump came in dead last. The seven greatest presidents, according to respondents, remained unchanged from the same survey’s results in 2014, the previous time it was taken. In order, they were Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt, Thomas Jefferson, Harry S. Truman and Dwight Eisenhower. Trump did not fare well even when parsing the results by party and ideology. He ranked 40th out of 44 among Republicans and conservatives. – CNN
I don’t need the opinions of political scientists and experts to tell me that Trump is the worst president to ever lead this country. I knew he would be before he ever won, and I am smug now that some of his supporters have abandoned the Trump Camp since finding out just what kind of idiot they voted into the White House. The man is laughable. His Tweets are juvenile, comical in a way. His behavior is so much that of a self-entitled prick that he’s almost a caricature.
I cannot imagine what voters were thinking of when they elected this douche-bag as our president.

The Ugliest Cat & Dog Breeds

Oriental Shorthair

I have always been an animal lover. As a child, I often drew animals – never people – and desired all sorts of furry creatures for pets, from typical cats & dogs to my favorite, horses, and real exotics like foxes, zebras, wolves, tigers, giraffes, cheetahs, snow leopards, kangaroos, and swans, among others.

I probably should have pursued a career as a veterinarian or zoologist, if I got along better with other people, that is.

However, there are some animals that are simply too gruesome for words. Many breeds of cats and dogs are so hideous, I can’t imagine why anyone would want to keep them as pets. I dislike corgis but I can’t say that they are ugly mutts in the way that most chihuahuas are. They are simply annoying little bastards, and the fact that they are favorites of Queen Elizabeth II’s makes the breed that much more abominable to me.

What follows are some of the ugliest cat & dog breeds I have ever seen, though thankfully not usually in person. Some of them are more hideous than others, admittedly, but all are pretty damned ugly.

The domestic cat is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines. – Wikipedia

  1. Sphynx
  2. Cornish Rex
  3. Exotic Shorthair
  4. Devon Rex
  5. Oriental Shorthair
  6. Peterbald
  7. Colorpoint Shorthair
  8. Donskoy
  9. Bambino

The domestic dog is a member of the genus Canis, which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore. – Wikipedia

  1. Bulldog
  2. French Bulldog
  3. Rottweiler
  4. Boxer
  5. Miniature Schnauzer
  6. Boston Terrier
  7. Mastiff
  8. Chihuahua
  9. Pug
  10. Newfoundland
  11. Basset Hound
  12. Cane Corso
  13. Bull Mastiff
  14. St. Bernard
  15. Bloodhound
  16. Bull Terrier

  17. Scottish Terrier
  18. Shar Pei
  19. Dogue de Bordeaux
  20. Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
  21. Chow Chow
  22. Giant Schnauzer
  23. American Staffordshire Terrier
  24. Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  25. Standard Schnauzer
  26. Pekingese
  27. Leonberger

  28. Brussels Griffon
  29. Neapolitan Mastiff
  30. Wire Fox Terrier
  31. American Hairless Terrier
  32. Japanese Chin
  33. Black Russian Terrier
  34. Miniature Bull Terrier
  35. Kerry Blue Terrier
  36. Boerboel
  37. Tibetan Mastiff
  38. Bedlington Terrier
  39. Redbone Coonhound
  40. Affenpinscher

  41. Cesky Terrier
  42. Cirneco dell’Etna
  43. Miniature Shar Pei
  44. Alano Espanol
  45. Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog
  46. American Mastiff
  47. American Pit Bull Terrier
  48. Argentine Dogo
  49. Australian Bulldog
  50. Catahoula Bulldog
  51. Catahoula Leopard Dog

  52. Fila Brasileiro
  53. Miniature Bulldog
  54. Olde English Bulldogge
  55. Pakistani Mastiff
  56. Perro de Presa Canario
  57. Prazsky Krysarik
  58. Tosa Ken
  59. American Bulldog
  60. Bull Arab
Newfoundlands

Black History Month

C. G. Woodson

Black History Month is an annual celebration of achievements by African Americans and a time for recognizing the central role of blacks in U.S. history. The event grew out of “Negro History Week,” the brainchild of noted historian Carter G. Woodson and other prominent African Americans. Since 1976, every U.S. president has officially designated the month of February as Black History Month. Other countries around the world, including Canada and the United Kingdom, also devote a month to celebrating black history. 

The story of Black History Month begins in 1915, half a century after the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States. That September, the Harvard-trained historian Carter G. Woodson and the prominent minister Jesse E. Moorland founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH), an organization dedicated to researching and promoting achievements by black Americans and other peoples of African descent. Known today as the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH), the group sponsored a national Negro History week in 1926, choosing the second week of February to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. The event inspired schools and communities nationwide to organize local celebrations, establish history clubs and host performances and lectures.

In the decades that followed, mayors of cities across the country began issuing yearly proclamations recognizing Negro History Week. By the late 1960s, thanks in part to the civil rights movement and a growing awareness of black identity, Negro History Week had evolved into Black History Month on many college campuses. President Gerald Ford officially recognized Black History Month in 1976, calling upon the public to “seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history.”– History

I used to wonder why Blacks had to have a month set aside for the achievements of our people. I did not think it was right, and felt that we should just celebrate Black people’s victories in the same way we did Whites or others. My mind has since been changed, and I’m grateful that there is a Black History Month, otherwise none of the accomplishments these people made would be appreciated now. In fact, there are some who I never heard of, and a few of them are listed below. Who knew that there was so many Black cowboys back in the day, nor that inoculation was introduced by a slave?

Before there was Rosa Parks, there was Claudette Colvin.

Most people think of Rosa Parks as the first person to refuse to give up their seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. There were actually several women who came before her; one of whom was Claudette Colvin.

It was March 2, 1955, when the fifteen-year-old schoolgirl refused to move to the back of the bus, nine months before Rosa Parks’ stand that launched the Montgomery bus boycott. Claudette had been studying Black leaders like Harriet Tubman in her segregated school, those conversations had led to discussions around the current day Jim Crow laws they were all experiencing. When the bus driver ordered Claudette to get up, she refused, “It felt like Sojourner Truth was on one side pushing me down, and Harriet Tubman was on the other side of me pushing me down. I couldn’t get up.”

Claudette Colvin’s stand didn’t stop there. Arrested and thrown in jail, she was one of four women who challenged the segregation law in court. If Browder v. Gayle became the court case that successfully overturned bus segregation laws in both Montgomery and Alabama, why has Claudette’s story been largely forgotten? At the time, the NAACP and other Black organizations felt Rosa Parks made a better icon for the movement than a teenager. As an adult with the right look, Rosa Parks was also the secretary of the NAACP, and was both well-known and respected – people would associate her with the middle class and that would attract support for the cause. But the struggle to end segregation was often fought by young people, more than half of which were women. 

Inoculation was introduced to America by a slave.

Few details are known about the birth of Onesimus, but it is assumed he was born in Africa in the late seventeenth century before eventually landing in Boston. One of a thousand people of African descent living in the Massachusetts colony, Onesimus was a gift to the Puritan church minister Cotton Mather from his congregation in 1706.

Onesimus told Mather about the centuries old tradition of inoculation practiced in Africa. By extracting the material from an infected person and scratching it into the skin of an uninfected person, you could deliberately introduce smallpox to the healthy individual making them immune. Considered extremely dangerous at the time, Cotton Mather convinced Dr. Zabdiel Boylston to experiment with the procedure when a smallpox epidemic hit Boston in 1721 and over 240 people were inoculated. Opposed politically, religiously and medically in the United States and abroad, public reaction to the experiment put Mather and Boylston’s lives in danger despite records indicating that only 2% of patients requesting inoculation died compared to the 15% of people not inoculated who contracted smallpox.

Onesimus’ traditional African practice was used to inoculate American soldiers during the Revolutionary War and introduced the concept of inoculation to the United States. 

One in four cowboys was Black, despite the stories told in popular books and movies.

In fact, it’s believed that the real “Lone Ranger” was inspired by an African American man named Bass Reeves. Reeves had been born a slave but escaped West during the Civil War where he lived in what was then known as Indian Territory. He eventually became a Deputy U.S. Marshal, was a master of disguise, an expert marksman, had a Native American companion, and rode a silver horse. His story was not unique however.

In the 19th century, the Wild West drew enslaved Blacks with the hope of freedom and wages. When the Civil War ended, freedmen came West with the hope of a better life where the demand for skilled labor was high. These African Americans made up at least a quarter of the legendary cowboys who lived dangerous lives facing weather, rattlesnakes, and outlaws while they slept under the stars driving cattle herds to market.

While there was little formal segregation in frontier towns and a great deal of personal freedom, Black cowboys were often expected to do more of the work and the roughest jobs compared to their white counterparts. Loyalty did develop between the cowboys on a drive, but the Black cowboys were typically responsible for breaking the horses and being the first ones to cross flooded streams during cattle drives. In fact, it is believed that the term “cowboy” originated as a derogatory term used to describe Black “cowhands.” 

Esther Jones was the real Betty Boop! 

The iconic cartoon character Betty Boop was inspired by a Black jazz singer in Harlem. Introduced by cartoonist Max Fleischer in 1930, the caricature of the jazz age flapper was the first and most famous sex symbol in animation. Betty Boop is best known for her revealing dress, curvaceous figure, and signature vocals “Boop Oop A Doop!” While there has been controversy over the years, the inspiration has been traced back to Esther Jones who was known as “Baby Esther” and performed regularly in the Cotton Club during the 1920s.

Baby Esther’s trademark vocal style of using “boops” and other childlike scat sounds attracted the attention of actress Helen Kane during a performance in the late 1920s. After seeing Baby Esther, Helen Kane adopted her style and began using “boops” in her songs as well. Finding fame early on, Helen Kane often included this “baby style” into her music. When Betty Boop was introduced, Kane promptly sued Fleischer and Paramount Publix Corporation stating they were using her image and style. However video evidence came to light of Baby Esther performing in a nightclub and the courts ruled against Helen Kane stating she did not have exclusive rights to the “booping” style or image, and that the style, in fact, pre-dated her.

Baby Esther’s “baby style” did little to bring her mainstream fame and she died in relative obscurity but a piece of her lives on in the iconic character Betty Boop. – PBS

Bessie Coleman